English Prefixes and Suffixes

Prefixes and suffixes are a gathering of letters that are included in a word to change its sense. Regularly, they are utilised as a part of words to make derivatives. When they are settled in a word, they change the spelling of the word as well as change its meaning and the grammatical value.

Prefixes and suffixes can be valuable for new English learners as they can assist them improve their vocabulary in brisk time. Here we’re going to share some common prefixes and suffixes that you can learn and rehearse in your day by day English use.

prefix-and-suffix

Prefixes

Prefixes are a set of letters that are normally used to deny, to resist, or enhance the sense of a word. The major part of prefixes is utilized before a noun or adjective, while some are utilized before a verb. Here are some ways in which you can use prefixes in a word.

To Resist The Meaning Of A Word

Prefixes like im-, anti-, de-, dis-, un-, and non- are used to mean opposite of a word.

Examples:
Moral turns into immoral
War turns into antiwar
Centralize turns into decentralize
Agree turns into disagree
Official turns into unofficial
Political turns into non-Political
Armed turns into unarmed

To Increase Or Decrease The Strength Of A Word

Over-, hyper-, Up-, Down-, and Under- are some of the prefixes that are used in the beginning of a word to denote the quality, quantity, degree or a trend.

Examples:
Rate turns into overrate
Perform turns into underperform
Scale turns into upscale
Fall turns into downfall
Sensitive turns into hypersensitive

To Quantify Something

Letters like mono-, bi-, uni-, di-, and omni- are some of the prefixes that indicate the quantity of something in a word.

Examples:
Lingual turns into monolingual
Monthly turns into bi-monthly
Sex turns into unisex
Pole turns into dipole
Present turns into omnipresent

To Denote The Degree Of Something

Macro-, mini-, Mega-, and micro- are the prefixes that express the degree of something in a word.

Examples:
City turns into megacity
Skirt turns into miniskirt
Economics turns into macroeconomics
Organism turns into microorganism

Suffixes

Suffixes are a set of letters that are added at the end of a word to make noun, verb, adjective, and adverb. Here are some ways in which you can use suffixes to form derivatives:

Noun Suffixes

They are the set of suffixes that are included at the end of a verb to change it into a noun. – or, – er, – al, – ist, – iance/ence, and – ment are some examples of suffixes. This makes a noun derivative from a verb.

Examples:
Compute turns into computer
Curate turns into curator
Arrive turns into arrival
Rely turns into reliance
Employ turns into employment

Verb Suffixes

Verb suffixes are added at the end of a word to turn it into verbs. They are commonly made by including letters in a noun or adjective. The most widely recognized verb suffixes are – en, – ify, ize, and – ate.

Examples:
Black turns into blacken
Note turns into notify
Formal turns into formalize
Incapacity turns into incapacitate

Adjective Suffixes

Adjective suffixes are the set of letters that change a base word into adjective. The major part of these adjectives is formed by including a suffix in a noun that incorporates –able/ -ible, -al, -cal, -ive, -less, and -ish.

Examples:
Desire turns into desirable
Convert turns into convertible
Britain turns into British
Technology turns into technological
Meaning turns into meaningless
Repetition turns into Repetitive

Adverb Suffixes

Adverb suffixes contain the letters that change an adjective into adverb. They are shaped by including – ly into an adjective. The most widely recognized suffixes are – ly, – ily, -ally, -wise, and -wards.

Examples:
Swift turns into swiftly
Easy turns into easily
Organic turns into organically
Up turns into upwards
Length turns into lengthwise

These are some of the common examples of prefixes and suffixes. If you know more prefixes and suffixes, let us know in the comment section below herein.

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